Peru (CRC 02-03-2016)
The Committee considered the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of Peru (CRC/C/PER/4-5) at its 2067th and 2069th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.2067 and 2069), held on 14 and 15 January 2016, respectively, and adopted the following concluding observations at its 2104th meeting (see CRC/C/SR.2104), held on 29 January 2016.
C. General principles (arts. 2, 3, 6 and 12)
- While noting the measures taken by the State party to address discrimination against children in marginalized or disadvantaged situations, such as the establishment of the National Commission against Discrimination and the platform against discrimination, the Committee is deeply concerned about:
(a) The persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes that discriminate against girls, resulting in a high prevalence of violence against girls;
(b) The prevalence of structural discrimination against certain groups of children, including indigenous children, Afro-Peruvian children, children living in rural and remote areas, children living in poverty, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex children and children with disabilities, in particular regarding their access to education and other basic services, such as health care;
(c) The absence of legislation explicitly prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
- The Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Design and implement a comprehensive strategy, including awareness-raising programmes and educational campaigns, to eliminate patriarchal attitudes and gender stereotypes that discriminate against girls
(b) Intensify its efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of de facto discrimination against all children in marginalized and vulnerable situations, including by effectively implementing existing laws and policies, adopting further strategies, and carrying out broad public education campaigns;
(c) Ensure that professionals working with and for children, the media and the general public are sensitized to the negative impact of stereotypes and discriminatory attitudes on children’s enjoyment of their rights;
(d) Explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.