El Salvador (CEDAW 09-03-2017)
The Committee considered the combined eighth and ninth periodic reports of El Salvador (CEDAW/C/SLV/8-9) at its 1478th and 1479th meetings (see CEDAW/C/SR.1478 and 1479), held on 17 February 2017. The Committee’s list of issues and questions is contained in CEDAW/C/SLV/Q/8-9 and the responses of El Salvador are contained in CEDAW/C/SLV/Q/8-9/Add.1.
D. Principal areas of concern and recommendations
Lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons
- The Committee notes the amendments to the Criminal Code increasing the penalties for hate crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity, as set out in articles 129 and 155 of the Code, and the introduction of a helpline and a dedicated space for security and access to justice for lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned at the increasing number of cases of harassment, threats, intimidation and violence, including by law enforcement officials. The Committee is also concerned at the high vulnerability of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons to gang violence and at reports of violence directed at their families, partners, employers and customers.
- The Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Establish mechanisms to ensure the enforcement of legislation against discrimination by law enforcement officials, prosecute hate crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity and ensure, through monitoring, that such cases are duly investigated and adequately punished;
(b) Intensify efforts to combat discrimination against women based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, including efforts to raise awareness among the general public, and ensure continuous capacity-building for law enforcement officials and health service providers.