Mongolia (CEDAW 10-03-2016)
The Committee considered the combined eighth and ninth periodic reports of Mongolia (CEDAW/C/MNG/8-9) at its 1381st and 1382nd meetings, on 19 February 2016 (see CEDAW/C/SR.1381 and 1382). The Committee’s list of issues and questions is contained in CEDAW/C/MNG/Q/8-9 and the responses of Mongolia are contained in CEDAW/C/MNG/Q/8-9/Add.1.
C. Principal areas of concern and recommendations
- The Committee welcomes the progress made in reducing child and maternal mortality rates, but it is concerned:
(a) At the lack of comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health and rights, including on responsible sexual behaviour, and of family planning services and at the high level of unmet contraception needs among women and girls;
(b) At the application of the pronatalist policy on population, which strengthens discriminatory stereotypes against women and may lead to poverty;
(c) At the lack of information on sexual and reproductive health and rights available to women and girls with disabilities and to lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women, as well as the lack of training of medical personnel with regard to the special needs of those women;
(d) At the lack of information on the prevalence of cervical and breast cancer in the State party, as well as on the relevant treatments available to women and girls.
- In line with its general recommendation No. 24 (1999) on women and health, the Committee calls upon the State party:
(a) To intensify education on sexual and reproductive health and rights through the widespread dissemination of information about available, accessible and affordable contraceptive methods and family planning in order to reduce the number of unwanted and early pregnancies;
(b) To ensure that the pronatalist policy does not reinforce discriminatory stereotypes by adopting poverty reduction strategies and taking measures to improve the quality of life for mothers taking care of children and by establishing childcare facilities;
(c) To improve the information on health, especially sexual and reproductive health and rights, provided to women and girls with disabilities and to lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women, and train medical personnel to respond to their needs;
(d) To collect disaggregated data on the prevalence of cervical and breast cancer in the State party and provide training to medical and health professionals on early detection of those diseases, including in rural areas.