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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Mongolia (CCPR 22-08-2017)
The Committee considered the sixth periodic report of Mongolia (CCPR/C/MNG/6) at its 3380th and 3381st meetings (CCPR/C/SR.3380 and CCPR/C/SR.3381), held on 6 and 7 July 2017. At its 3404th meeting, held on 24 July 2017, it adopted the current concluding observations.
C. Principal matters of concern and recommendations
Discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
- The Committee is concerned about reports of violence, harassment and attacks against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons, about the failure of the State party to investigate, prosecute and punish such attacks, thus contributing to a culture of impunity and about the prevalence of prejudices and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The Committee is also concerned about notable obstacles to the exercise of freedom of assembly by persons belonging to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex community, which further exacerbates their vulnerable status in Mongolian society. The Committee also regrets the absence of legal recognition and protection of same-sex couples (arts. 2, 6, 7, 19, 21, 22 and 26).
- The State party should intensify its efforts to combat stereotypes and prejudices against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons, and ensure that acts of discrimination and violence directed against them are investigated, that perpetrators are prosecuted, and if convicted, punished with appropriate penalties, and that victims are provided with full reparation. The State party should also promote and guarantee freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons, and should abstain from any unjustified interference with the exercise of these rights and ensure that any restrictions imposed comply with the strict requirements of articles 19, 21 and 22 of the Covenant and are not applied in a discriminatory manner. The State party should consider legal recognition and protection of same-sex couples.