United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City, with its other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague.

One of the UN’s primary purposes is “promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion”, and member states pledge to undertake “joint and separate action” to protect these rights.

In 1948, the General Assembly adopted a Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The document proclaims basic civil, political, and economic rights common to all human beings, though its effectiveness towards achieving these ends has been disputed since its drafting. The Declaration serves as a “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations” rather than a legally binding document, but it has become the basis of two binding treaties, the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

In 1979, the General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, followed by the Convention against Torture in 1987 and the  Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights was formed in 1993 to oversee human rights issues for the UN, following the recommendation of that year’s World Conference on Human Rights. In 2006, it was replaced by the Human Rights Council consisting of 47 nations.

(Source: Wikipedia)


Ukraine (CESCR 02-04-2020) - The Committee considered the seventh period report of Ukraine (E/C.12/UKR/7) at its 8th and 9th meetings (see E/C.12/2020/SR.8 and 9), held on 20 and 21 February 2020, and adopted the present concluding observations at its 30th meeting, held on 6 March 2020.


Serbia (2015) - The Committee against Torture considered the second periodic report of Serbia (CAT/C/SRB/2) at its 1304th and 1307th meetings, held on 29 and 30 April 2015 (see CAT/C/SR.1304 and 1307), and adopted the following concluding observations at its 1322nd and 1323rd meetings, held on 12 May 2015.

2023-08-21T16:14:08+00:00August 21st, 2023|Categories: CAT, UN|Tags: , , , , , , , , |


Poland (CEDAW 14-11-2014) - The Committee considered the combined seventh and eighth periodic reports of Poland (CEDAW/C/POL/7-8) at its 1249th and 1250th meetings, on 22 October 2014 (see CEDAW/C/SR.1249 and 1250). The Committee’s list of issues and questions is contained in CEDAW/C/POL/Q/7-8 and the responses of Poland are contained in CEDAW/C/POL/Q/7-8/Add.1.


Ecuador (CESCR 14-11-2019) - The Committee considered the fourth periodic report of Ecuador (E/C.12/ECU/4) at its 38th and 39th meetings (see E/C.12/2019/SR.38 and E/C.12/2019/SR.39), held on 3 and 4 October 2019, and adopted the present concluding observations at its 60th meeting, held on 18 October 2019.

2023-08-17T13:30:24+00:00August 17th, 2023|Categories: CESCR, UN|Tags: , , , , , , , , , |


Germany (CESCR 27-11-2018) - The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights considered the sixth periodic report of Germany (E/C.12/DEU/6) at its 31st and 32nd meetings (see E/C.12/2018/SR.31 and 32), held on 25 September 2018, and adopted the present concluding observations at its 58th meeting, held on 12 October 2018.


Maldives (CRC 14-03-2016) - The Committee considered the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of Maldives (CRC/C/MDV/4-5) at its 2077th and 2079th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.2077 and 2079), held on 19 January 2016, and adopted the following concluding observations at its 2104th meeting (see CRC/C/SR.2104), held on 29 January 2016. 6.

2023-08-12T15:35:49+00:00August 12th, 2023|Categories: CEDAW, UN|Tags: , , , , , , , , , |


Netherlands (CERD 24-09-2015) - The Committee considered the combined nineteenth to twenty-first periodic reports of the Netherlands (CERD/C/NLD/19-21), submitted in one document, at its 2375th and 2376th meetings (see CERD/C/SR.2375 and 2376), held on 18 and 19 August 2015. At its 2386th, 2387th and 2388th meetings, held on 26 and 27 August 2015, it adopted the following concluding observations.


Swaziland (CCPR 23-08-2017) - In the absence of a report by the State party, the Human Rights Committee considered the situation of civil and political rights under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in Swaziland at its 3382nd and 3383rd meetings (CCPR/C/SR.3382 and CCPR/C/SR.3383), held in a public session on 7 and 10 July 2017. In accordance with rule 70, paragraph 1, of the Committee’s rules of procedure, the failure of a State party to submit its report under article 40 of the Covenant may lead to an examination in a public session of the measures taken by the State party to give effect to the rights recognized in the Covenant and to adopt concluding observations. 2. At its 3405th meeting, held on 25 July 2017, the Human Rights Committee adopted the following concluding observations.

2023-08-11T16:17:07+00:00August 11th, 2023|Categories: CRC, UN|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |
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